anchored off Calicut. He was well received by the Hindu Raja of Mala-
bar, who gave him a courteous letter to the King of Portugal:
given me great pleasure. In my kingdom there is abundance of cinnamon,
cloves, pepper, and precious stones. What I seek from your country is
gold, silver, coral and scarlet.”
His Christian majesty answered by claiming India as a Portuguese colony, for reasons which the Raja was too backward to understand.
The Story of Civilization: Our Oriental Heritage, p. 613 , Will and Ariel Durant, 1954
“Usually in history, when two nations have contested for the same markets,
the nation that has lost in the economic competition,
if it is stronger in resources and armament, has made war upon its enemy.”
The Story of Civilization: Our Oriental Heritage, p. 933 , Will and Ariel Durant, 1954
“Then, in a letter to his Secretary of War expressing his full support for Washington’s judgment, Adams added two pointed observations.
Maintaining armies was costly business and could become quite unpopular in the absence of an enemy to fight,.”
McCullough, D. G. (2001). John Adams. Simon & Schuster. Page 513
The first lesson of philosophy is that we may all be mistaken.
The Story of Civilization: Our Oriental Heritage, p. 845 , Will and Ariel Durant, 1954